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The international Community and the DP

Innocence and the Death Penalty

Freed from Death Row

By State

By Race

Florida 21 California 3 Ohio 2 Black 43
Illinois 13 N. Carolina 3 Idaho 1 White 42
Oklahoma 7 Pennsylvania 3 Maryland 1 Latino 11
Texas 7 S. Carolina 3 Mississippi 1 Native American 1
Georgia 6 Alabama 3 Nebraska 1 Other 1
Louisiana 5 Indiana Nevada 1
Arizona 5 Massachusetts 2 Washington 1
New Mexico 4 Missouri 2  Virginia 1

Between sentence and freedom passed as an average 8 years.

In 11 cases DNA evidence helped establish innocence.

 

Releases by year

No.* Name State Year of Conviction Year of Exoneration Years between Conviction and Exoneration Race of Defendant DNA
1. David Keaton FL 1971 1973 2 B  
2. Samuel A. Poole NC 1973 1974 1 B  
3. Wilbert Lee FL 1963 1975 12 B  
4. Freddie Pitts FL 1963 1975 12 B  
5. James Creamer GA 1973 1975 2 W  
6. Thomas Gladish NM 1974 1976 2 W  
7. Richard Greer NM 1974 1976 2 W  
8. Ronald Keine NM 1974 1976 2 W  
9. Clarence Smith NM 1974 1976 2 W  
10. Delbert Tibbs FL 1974 1977 3 B  
11. Earl Charles GA 1975 1978 3 B  
12. Jonathan Treadway AZ 1975 1978 3 W  
13. Gary Beeman OH 1976 1979 3 W  
14. Jerry Banks GA 1975 1980 5 B  
15. Larry Hicks IN 1978 1980 2 B  
16. Charles Ray Giddens OK 1978 1981 3 B  
17. Michael Linder SC 1979 1981 2 W  
18. Johnny Ross LA 1975 1981 6 B  
19. Annibal Jaramillo FL 1981 1982 1 L  
20. Lawyer Johnson MA 1971 1982 11 B  
21. Anthony Brown FL 1983 1986 3 B  
22. Neil Ferber PA 1982 1986 4 W  
23. Clifford Henry Bowen OK 1981 1986 5 W  
24. Joseph Green Brown FL 1974 1987 13 B  
25. Perry Cobb IL 1979 1987 8 B  
26. Darby (Williams) Tillis IL 1979 1987 8 B  
27. Henry Drake GA 1977 1987 10 W  
28. John Henry Knapp AZ 1974 1987 13 W  
29. Vernon McManus TX 1977 1987 10 W  
30. Anthony Ray Peek FL 1978 1987 9 B  
31. Juan Ramos FL 1983 1987 4 L  
32. Robert Wallace GA 1980 1987 7 B  
33. Richard Neal Jones OK 1983 1987 4 W  
34. Jerry Bigelow CA 1980 1988 8 W  
35. Willie Brown FL 1983 1988 5 B  
36. Larry Troy FL 1983 1988 5 B  
37. William Jent FL 1980 1988 8 W  
38. Earnest Miller FL 1980 1988 8 W  
39. Randall Dale Adams TX 1977 1989 12 W  
40. Jesse Keith Brown SC 1983 1989 6 W  
41. Robert Cox FL 1988 1989 1 W  
42. Timothy Hennis NC 1986 1989 3 W  
43. James Richardson FL 1968 1989 21 B  
44. Clarence Brandley TX 1981 1990 9 B  
45. Patrick Croy CA 1979 1990 11 N  
46. John C. Skelton TX 1983 1990 7 W  
47. Dale Johnston OH 1984 1990 6 W  
48. Jimmy Lee Mathers AZ 1987 1990 3 W  
49. Gary Nelson GA 1980 1991 11 B  
50. Bradley P. Scott FL 1988 1991 3 W  
51. Charles Smith IN 1983 1991 8 B  
52. Jay C. Smith PA 1986 1992 6 W  
53. Kirk Bloodsworth MD 1984 1993 9 W Yes
54. Federico M. Macias TX 1984 1993 9 L  
55. Walter McMillian AL 1988 1993 5 B  
56. Gregory R. Wilhoit OK 1987 1993 6 W  
57. James Robison AZ 1977 1993 16 W  
58. Muneer Deeb TX 1985 1993 8 O  
59. Andrew Golden FL 1991 1994 3 W  
60. Joseph Burrows IL 1989 1994 5 W  
61. Adolph Munson OK 1985 1995 10 B  
62. Robert Charles Cruz AZ 1981 1995 14 L  
63. Rolando Cruz IL 1985 1995 10 L Yes
64. Alejandro Hernandez IL 1985 1995 10 L Yes
65. Sabrina Butler MS 1990 1995 5 B  
66. Verneal Jimerson IL 1985 1996 11 B Yes
67. Dennis Williams IL 1979 1996 17 B Yes
68. Roberto Miranda NV 1982 1996 14 L  
69. Gary Gauger IL 1993 1996 3 W  
70. Troy Lee Jones CA 1982 1996 14 B  
71. Carl Lawson IL 1990 1996 6 B  
72. Ricardo Aldape Guerra TX 1982 1997 15 L  
73. Benjamin Harris WA 1985 1997 12 B  
74. Robert Hayes FL 1991 1997 6 B  
75. Randall Padgett AL 1992 1997 5 W  
76. Robert Lee Miller, Jr.  OK 1988 1998 10 B Yes
77. Curtis Kyles LA 1984 1998 14 B  
78. Shareef Cousin LA 1996 1999 3 B  
79. Anthony Porter IL 1983 1999 16 B  
80. Steven Smith IL 1985 1999 14 B  
81. Ronald Williamson OK 1988 1999 11 W Yes
82. Ronald Jones IL 1989 1999 10 B Yes
83. Clarence Dexter, Jr.  MO 1991 1999 8 W  
84. Warren Douglas Manning SC 1989 1999 10 B  
85. Alfred Rivera NC 1997 1999 2 L  
86. Steve Manning IL 1993 2000 7 W  
87. Eric Clemmons  MO 1987 2000 13 B  
88. Joseph Nahume Green FL 1993 2000 7 B  
89. Earl Washington VA 1984 2000 16 B Yes
90. William Nieves PA 1994 2000 6 L  
91. Frank Lee Smith -died prior to exoneration FL 1986 2000 14 B Yes
92. Michael Graham LA 1987 2000 13 W  
93. Albert Burrell LA 1987 2000 13 W  
94. Peter Limone MA 1968 2001 33 W  
95. Gary Drinkard  AL 1995 2001  6 W  
96. Joaquin Jose Martinez FL 1997 2001 4 L  
97. Jeremy Sheets NE 1997 2001 4 W  
98. Charles Fain ID 1983 2001 18 W Yes
 

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